Most effective leadership style to managing the work of subordinates
Through my understanding of this blog management have a framework where they manage the subordinates through managers while leaders they manage the work out of frame to see another perspective of the framework. In is blog we are going to discuss that how effective leadership can manage the work of subordinates.
Although management and leadership style are used interchangeably but consider two different ways which helps organization to move forward but there are similarities and differences in their approach (Mullin 2013).
According to (Kotter1990) Management and leadership have so many things in common:
• Both exercise their powers
• Accomplishing the goals of organization
• working with people
• Effective manager/leader
The differences between management and leadership are:
Management is about ‘getting things done through others effort’. Management is a formal authority where managers manage the business to run day to day operations through subordinates. (French and Raven1968) Managers exercise their power sometimes legitimately to get the things done where as leaders show employees a vision to participate and achieve it by using their power of influence to others. Managers are only concerned to operational issues to tackle them, meet targets which are set by management, complete administrative duties and supervise the work. The best example is Tesco where managers just follow the command to operate business by allocating tasks to different people to get job done, here there is no effective leadership role as managers are bound with certain amount of duties to perform through head office commands.
Leadership is about ‘get others to follow you’. The leaders are innovators who inspire their work to subordinate to follow them through creativity. A leader has clear vision to ensure it will follow by subordinates in the organization. Leader always strive for change and inspire others to promote development between, in a more efficient way. According to Loperena (2004:36) ‘leadership can be defined in terms of transformational leadership where the followers exceed expectations through motivation in loyalty, respect, trust as well as admiration’. The best leadership example is Apple’s Ex-CEO Steve Jobs who inspired people with his excellent piece of innovation which bring change to his organization and it leads them to the number one corporate in the globe for electronic devices i.e. iPhone, iPad etc.
‘The best approach may vary according to circumstances and individual characteristics’ (CMI 2013).
There are many approaches that define leadership which may vary according to the circumstances and characteristics. The trait model is based on many leadership characteristics both successful and unsuccessful. Trait model used to predict leadership effectiveness but it does not explain whether the implementation will give a success to the organization. However attempts made to know the good or successful leadership characteristics, common personalities which have met with little success (Fleenor 2006).
Fig: Trait Model of Leadership
Drucker (1955) in his views said that ‘there is no substitute for leadership as it is of utmost importance but it cannot be leaned or taught, not created or promoted.’’ Leadership is genuine matter where an individual have capability to produce new ideas and bring those concepts to market in an innovative style.
Goleman (2000) discovered that there are six approaches through which a manager can approach a leadership style. It does not fit to one organization and is differ from one organization to the other. A brief analysis of each is given below:
Goleman reports that authoritative style is distinct approach that effective leaders used to overbearing occasionally to motivate and inspire commitment with organization. Democratic style encourages staff for input and is seen as positive which helps build consensus through participation. Coaching is least approach and helps staff to see their strength and encourage goals of long term development. Study concludes that effective leaders rely on more than one style of leadership.
As a member of a team, I would like to be manage by democratic style as it has approach to encourage others and it helps to develop good ideas which freely and openly moves between the employees, it helps to open discussion to solve problem and everybody have a right to see him/her self at the seat of CEO of the organization to make a good decision and this is the fact that helps employee to make effective decision within organization to be an effective leader. Best leadership style not only effective, but also develops subordinates with a high skills and knowledge and polish them for the competitive advantage.
1. Fleenor, John W. (2006). ‘Trait Approach to Leadership’’. Encyclopaedia of industrial and organizational psychology. Sage publications.
2. Drucker, P. (1955). The practice of management. London: Heinmann.
3. Mullins, L.(2013). Management and Organizational Behaviour. Pearson. 10th Ed.
4. Kotter,J.P.(1990). A force for change: How leadership differs from management. New York.
5. Loperena, M. (2004). Team leadership behaviours, roles and characteristics in effective teams. The George Washington University.
6. Goleman, D. (2000). Leadership that gets result. Harvard Business review, Vol.78, p(17-21).
7. Walter, I. (2012). The real leadership lessons of Steve Jobs. The Magazine. Harvard business review. Available online [http://www.hbr.org/2012/04/the-real-leadership-lessons-of-steve-jobs] Accessed on [11th March 2014]